The Construction Bye-laws should be followed strictly by any person or organization who plans to construct a building. Construction/Building by laws help in making a planned Development. Apart from individual plot or land owners, buyers of under construction property as well as constructed property should have a thorough knowledge of the building bye-laws applicable in that region. This will help the buyers question the Construction of structures by the developer.
What are Construction Bye-Laws?
Construction bye-Laws refers to the certain restrictions, to be followed during planning and construction of any building, these rules are laid down by the municipal bodies, urban development authorities, NIT and other government departments as town planning trusts related to clear spaces to be left round the buildings, permissible height of the building, permissible construction areas etc.
Objective of the Bye-Laws
- Pre-planning of building activity
- allow orderly growth and prevent haphazard development.
- provisions of bye-laws usually afford safety against fire, noise, health hazard structure failure
- provide proper utilization of space to achieve maximum efficiency in planning
- they provide health safety and comfort to the people who live in building
- due to these bye-laws each building will have proper approaches, to light air and ventilation
Applicability of Bye-laws
- new construction
- additional and alterations to a building
- changing of occupancy of building (residential–> education etc.)
- development of land is undertaken
- in demolition
In Lahore LDA (Lahore Development Authority) is responsible to look after these procedures. the These regulations guides us about what to construct, how and where. All the government and non government authorities work according to the building bye-laws applicable in there locale. Any building plan submitted to the authorities which does not adhere to the building bye-laws of the authority concerned is not passed. Compliance to them is mandatory bye-laws whereas non compliance is punishable. As these rules and regulations apply to all, it helps to bring about a more uniform development. The Building bye-law document may be a very lengthy document to read but it is worth reading to avoid future problems arising out of non compliance.
For Residential building or Group housing buildings the rules entail details such as width of a setback, percentage of Greens, Built up percentage, distance between two buildings, height of buildings, mandatory services requirements, distance from high tension electrical lines and many more.
Building Bye-laws for residential areas:
- size of plots
- area of limitation
- height of the building
- plinth height
- minimum area of rooms
- compound wall
- projection margin
- parapet wall
- mezzanine floor
As the building is to be sold to the end users eventually therefore the end users should take interest in gaining knowledge about building plans and mandatory construction practices also. This additional knowledge will prevent the Apartment owners from any non compliance action by the government Authorities later on. So as Bahria Town also owns its specific rules and restrictions for constructions. These building Regulations or building bye-laws are available at Bahria Town authority office of that locality and can be downloaded from their respective websites.